Twycross Zoo Sumatran Tiger

Sumatran Tiger

Sumatran tigers are classified on the IUCN Red List as Critically Endangered with less than 400 individuals left in the wild of Sumatra, Indonesia.

The smallest of the sub-species, their black and orange stripes help them to hide in long grass and shadows of the forest. Male Sumatran tigers have particularly long fur around the face, giving them a distinctive maned appearance.

Sumatran tiger Jahly on tunnel - March 2022

An apex predator, tigers are carnivorous and their diet consists of ungulates, birds, fish and monkeys. They hunt by stealth, creeping close enough to the prey before attacking their victim with a fatal pounce.

The main threats to Sumatran tigers in the wild include poaching for their bones, fur and whiskers for medicine and trophy; human-wildlife conflict, where tigers and humans are encroaching areas towards each other; habitat loss, due to agricultural land use; climate change which affects the movement and location of tiger prey species.

Sumatran tiger Sialang - May 2021

According to a survey from TRAFFIC, the global wildlife trade monitoring network, poaching for trade is responsible for over 78% of estimated Sumatran tiger deaths – amounting to at least 40 animals per year.

As a flagship species, Sumatran tigers are a critical part of Sumatra’s eco-system and by working together to help protect the species, we can protect lots of other species including the Sumatran orang utan, Siamang, small primates, insects as well as plants

Key Facts:


Conservation Status: Critically Endangered

Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia

Habitat: Tropical broadleaf evergreen forests, freshwater swamp forests and peat swamps

Diet: Ungulates, birds, fish and monkeys

Height: up to 60cm

Weight: 165–308 pounds

Gestation: 3.5 months

No. of young: 3 – 4

Life Span: 15-20 years

Twycross Zoo Sumatran Tiger Stretching


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