Twycross Zoo Victoria Crowned Pigeon

Victoria crowned pigeon

Victoria crowned pigeons are the largest pigeon species in the world. They are easily recognised by the lacy crest of feathers on top of their heads which gives them their common name. They are steely blue-grey in colour with deep maroon on their front and striking red eyes.

Twycross Zoo Victoria Crowned Pigeon

Male and female Victoria crowned pigeons form stable pairs, usually for life. The males have courtship behaviours that involves bowing of their head and moving their tail. The female usually lays one egg each time and both the male and female incubate the egg for around 30 days. The juveniles leave the nest at four weeks old but the parents continue to feed them for another nine weeks.

Twycross Zoo Victoria Crowned Pigeon

Victoria crowned pigeons are one of the few bird species that have the unusual ability to produce ‘milk’. Both the male and female can produce crop milk and this forms the complete diet of the nestlings during their first few days of life. Adult Victoria crowned pigeons feed on the forest floor in groups of two to ten individuals. They eat fallen fruit, berries and seeds.

Victoria crowned pigeons are classified by the IUCN as Near Threatened. They have been down-listed from Vulnerable as hunting has declined, however the population in still decreasing because they are losing their habitat to logging and the development of palm-oil plantations.

Key Facts:


Conservation Status: Near threatened

Distribution: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea

Habitat: Tropical forest and swamp forest

Diet: Fruit and seeds (herbivorous)

Weight: 2384g (average)

No. of young: 1

Twycross Zoo Sumatran Tiger Stretching


If you're looking for an alternative way to donate to Twycross Zoo, you can help support our animals and our zoo keepers by purchasing something from our Amazon Wishlist!

Updated regularly by our zoo keepers, the items on the list help to provide enrichment for our animals and keep their habitats well maintained.

Every donation helps us as a conservation charity.

Learn more